首页 | VOA慢速英语 | 词汇典故 - 【词汇典故】一毛钱一打,意指普通的、随处可见的 A Dime a Dozen
【词汇典故】一毛钱一打,意指普通的、随处可见的 A Dime a 本站原创 更新时间: 2019-12-01         

Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.

这里是美国之音慢速英语词汇掌故节目。

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Each week, we explore the English language. We take a close look at words and expressions. We not only define the terms, we also give examples on when and how to use them.
每周我们都会探讨英语语言。我们会仔细研究单词和表达。我们不仅仅会解释这些术语的含义,还会给出何时以及如何使用这些术语的例子。


On today's show, we talk about the word dozen. By definition, a dozen can mean specifically 12 of anything.
在今天的节目中,我们讨论一下dozen这个单词。根据定义,a dozen(一打)可以具体表示为12个。


In baking, for example, if you bake a dozen cookies, you baked 12. Most recipes for cupcakes and cookies are based on baking 12 of them. However, the amount in a baker's dozen is 13.
例如在烘烤中,如果你烤了一打饼干,意思就是烤了12块饼干。大多数纸杯蛋糕和饼干的配方都是基于烘烤12个。然而,a baker's dozen(面包师的一打)的数量是指13个。

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You may be asking, "why?"
你可能会问,这是为什么呢?


Encyclopedia Britannica explains that in "medieval England there were laws that related the price of bread to the price of the wheat used to make it." If bakers did not give their customers the correct amount, they could get fined or worse -- beat! So, they would bake a little extra just to be sure.


不列颠百科全书解释说,“在中世纪的英格兰,有一些法律将面包价格与用于制作面包的小麦的价格联系了起来。”如果面包师给顾客的数量不对,他们可能会被罚款,甚至是受刑。所以,为了保险起见,他们会稍微多烤一点。


Now, that is a specific way to use the word "dozen." But people also use the word "dozen" in a general way. Then, it simply means a lot. So, if you say you have dozens of friends or dozens of job offers – it does not mean you that have counted them. But it does mean you are pretty lucky!


以上是dozen这个单词的特定用法。但是人们也把dozen这个单词用于一般用法。这时候它的意思就是很多。所以,如果你说你有很多(dozens of)朋友或很多就业机会,这并不是说你计算了具体的数字。但这确实意味着你非常幸运。


So those are the two meanings of the word "dozen."
以上就是dozen这个单词的两种含义。


In English, we use the word in an expression that describes something not so special. That term is a dime a dozen. This means that something is very easy to find or ordinary.
在英语中,我们把这个单词用于一句描述常见物品的表达中。这个术语就是a dime a dozen。它意思是指很容易找到或者非常普通的东西。


"Ordinary" is one of the many synonyms for "dime a dozen." Something that is a dime a dozen could also be called commonplace or typical.
普通的(ordinary)就是它众多的同义词之一。卖一毛钱一打的东西我们也可以称之为平凡的或者平常的。


A dime a dozen
一毛钱一打,意指普通的

Now, earlier I said that a dozen is 12 of anything. But with this expression, the dozen could mean a dozen of eggs. Usually eggs are sold in a small box, or container, by the dozen. And buying a dozen eggs for a dime is really cheap.


我之前说过,一打是指12个。但是这个术语中的dozen可能是指一打鸡蛋。通常鸡蛋都是12个一盒出售。一毛钱买一打鸡蛋真的非常便宜。


As you probably know, a dime is only worth 10 cents, or one-tenth of a dollar. These days, you cannot buy much with that. In fact, today even traditional dime store candy costs more than a dime. So, anything that is "a dime a dozen" is very common or also very cheap.

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你可能知道,一毛钱就是10美分,也就是1美元的十分之一。如今一毛钱可买不到什么东西。实际上到了今天,即便是传统的廉价商店(dime store)里的糖果也不止卖1毛钱。所以,一毛钱一打的商品很普通,也很便宜。


You can use the term dime a dozen for just about anything.
你可以把dime a dozen这个术语用于任何东西。


These two friends are on vacation at the beach. Let's hear how they use this expression.
以下是两位朋友在海滩度假。让我们来听听她们如何使用这句表达。


(sighs) I just love the seashore. I could stay here and look at the ocean all day.
我就喜欢海边。我可以呆在这里整天看着大海。

Me, too. Hey, look out there! Is that a hot air balloon?
我也是。嘿,看那边,那是热气球吗?


Not just one. There are many hot air balloons! It must be a race or something! Amazing!
不止一个。那有好多热气球。一定是比赛之类的,好美!

They're going to fly by us just as the sun sets.
太阳落山时他们将会飞过我们身边。


That is going to be breathtaking! Get your camera ready!
那太美了!准备好相机。

I can't. I'm supposed to meet a friend for ice cream.
不行。我约了朋友去吃冰激凌。


If you go now, you'll miss the balloons flying by.
如果你现在去吃冰激凌,你就会错过热气球飞过。

But this friend is a guy ... a really cute guy.
但是我约的是一位男性,一位帅哥啊。


Cute guys are a dime a dozen! But watching dozens of hot air balloons fly over the ocean as the sun sets is a once-in-a-lifetime experience.
帅哥到处都是。但是日落时分,看着很多热气球飞过大海可是千载难逢的经历。


You're right. What am I thinking? Look! Here they come now ...
你说得对。我这脑子咋想的呢?看,它们飞过来了。


Things that are a dime a dozen are also easy to replace. Because Washington, D.C. is such a political town, political experts are a dime a dozen.
平常的货色也很容易就被取代。因为华盛顿特区是个政治活跃的小镇,政治专家遍地都是。


重点词汇:

Word in This Story:

specifically– adv.in a definite and exact way

recipe– n. a set of instructions for making food

general– adj. not specific or detailed

ordinary– adj. normal or usual : not unusual, different, or special; disapproving : not very impressive

typical– adj. normal for a person, thing, or group :average or usual

cheap – adj. not costing a lot of money

dime store – n. U.S. old-fashioneda store that sells inexpensive goods

breathtaking – adj. very exciting : very great or surprising

unique– adj. very special or unusual : belonging to or connected with only one particular thing, place, or person


链接:

Cleft Sentences in Speaking, Writing