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[翻译]Health Report - Vaccine Expert: False Information on Web Must Be Stopped

更新时间:2019/5/23 20:00:07 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

The head of an international vaccine group says that misunderstandings and false information about vaccines are spreading on the internet and should be stopped.


Seth Berkley of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, spoke Tuesday to a gathering in Geneva, Switzerland, where the World Health Organization is meeting. Berkley said that false information “kills people.” He noted strong scientific evidence of the safety of vaccines.

全球疫苗免疫联盟的赛斯·伯克利(Seth Berkley)周二在瑞士日内瓦举行的世卫组织会议上发表了讲话。伯克利表示,虚假信息“害死人”。他指出了疫苗安全性强有力的科学证据。

But, he said social media algorithms favor misinformation over facts. He added that such misinformation easily influences people who have not had a family member die from a preventable disease.


Berkley said people must consider the belief in misinformation as a contagious sickness.


He added, “This is a disease.This spreads at the speed of light, literally.”


The World Health Organization says not enough people are getting the vaccine that prevents measles. It says this is why the disease is spreading around the world.


The organization says vaccines save two million lives every year.


Measles infections have risen sharply in countries that earlier had few cases, including the United States.


Seth Berkley argues that misinformation about vaccines is not a freedom of speech issue. He said Tuesday that social media companies should remove such content from their websites.


Alex Azar is Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. He made similar comments in his speech to the yearly meeting of the WHO. He said in the U.S., social media conspiracy groups confuse parents so they avoid getting needed vaccinations.

亚历克斯·阿扎尔(Alex Azar)是美国卫生与公共服务部的部长。他在世卫组织年会上的讲话中也发表过类似言论。他说,在美国,社交媒体上的阴谋组织迷惑了家长,所以他们都避免接种必要的疫苗。

The American official also spoke of U.S. efforts to strengthen immunization programs around the world. He said, “Just recently, the U.S. supported a mass measles vaccination campaign in Nigeria that reached almost 10 million kids. We assisted with a diphtheria outbreak among Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.”


And he noted U.S. support of recent research about the yellow fever vaccine.


Azar has rejected criticism of comments about vaccines made by U.S. president Donald Trump before he became president. Trump posted on Twitter that vaccination could cause autism, a developmental disorder.


“A study says @Autism is out of control – a 78% increase in 10 years. Stop giving monstrous combined vaccinations.”


Azar said that Trump was “extremely firm” in support of vaccinations.


Canada’s Chief Public Health Officer Theresa Tam also spoke to the WHO delegates. She said health officials needed to do more about online misinformation. She said she was working on the issue with Twitter, Facebook, Google and other companies.

加拿大首席公共卫生官Theresa Tam(谭咏诗)也向世卫组织的代表们发表了讲话。她说,对网上的错误信息,卫生官员要做更多工作。她说,她正在同推特、脸书、谷歌等公司合作解决这个问题。

I’m Jonathan Evans.

Words in This Story

algorithm – n. a set of steps that are followed in order to solve a mathematical problem or to complete a computer process

contagious – adj. capable of being easily spread to others

literally – adv. (an adverb) used to express strong feeling while not being literally true.

conspiracy – n. a secret plan made by two or more people to do something that is harmful or illegal

confuse – v. to make something difficult to understand

monstrous – adj.​ having extraordinary often overwhelming size