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[翻译]AS IT IS - 3D Guns Raise Legal Questions

更新时间:2018/8/4 7:37:10 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

In the U.S. this month, Americans are discussing whether 3D [three-dimensional] guns are legal.

这个月在美国,人们都在讨论3D打印枪支是否合法。

Cody Wilson says yes. He first used a website to publish designs for a printable handgun in 2013. But the U.S. State Department soon ordered him to stop, saying the designs violated laws related to exports.

科迪·威尔逊(Cody Wilson)声称合法。他最初于2013年在一家网站上发布了可3D打印手枪的设计图。但是美国国务院很快命令他停止发布,称该设计图违反了出口相关法律。

This summer, the two parties reached a settlement that would permit Wilson to publish the designs. But when public officials warned that 3D guns threatened public safety, a judge blocked Wilson until the issue could be discussed again.

今年夏天,双方达成了一项允许威尔逊公布这些设计图的解决方案。但是当公职人员警告3D打印枪支威胁公众安全时,一名法官禁止了威尔逊,直到对该问题再次进行审议。

A First Amendment issue?

第一修正案争端?

Wilson calls his argument a First Amendment case. The First Amendment, part of the U.S. Constitution’s Bill of Rights, permits Americans the right to most kinds of speech. Wilson believes it permits him to share the plans to make a gun with a 3D printer.

威尔逊称他的论据是第一修正案。作为美国宪法权利法案的一部分,第一修正案保障美国人大部分的的言论自由权利。威尔逊认为这条规定允许他散布用3D打印机制造枪支的设计图。

His lawyer, Josh Blackman, said, "This is a very, very, very easy First Amendment question that I think people might be hesitant to accept because it involves guns and people don't like guns.”

他的律师约什·布莱克曼( Josh Blackman)表示,“这是非常简单的第一修正案争端,我认为人们可能会犹豫不决,因为它涉及枪支,而人们不喜欢枪支。”

A public safety issue?

公共安全争端?

The federal judge who has temporarily blocked Wilson noted the case presented “serious First Amendment issues.” But Judge Robert Lasnik also said that guns made on 3D printers could create serious harm.

临时禁止威尔逊的联邦法官罗伯特·拉斯尼克(Robert Lasnik)指出,该案件提出了严重的第一修正案争端。但是拉斯尼克也表示,3D打印枪支可能会造成严重伤害。

Critics of 3D guns say criminals or terrorists could easily create the guns and hide them. The New York Times newspaper notes they “can be printed without serial numbers or government regulations.”

3D打印枪支的批评者表示,犯罪分子或恐怖分子可以轻易造出这种枪支并隐藏起来。《纽约时报》指出,“这种枪支打印出来没有序列号,也没有政府监管。”

In addition, all-plastic guns would violate a 1988 law called the Undetectable Firearms Act. That act outlaws guns that cannot be identified by a metal detector. Congress has renewed the act several times, and it remains in effect.

此外,全塑料枪身会违反1988年一项名为《不可探测枪支法案》。该法案规定金属探测器无法探测的枪支为不合法。国会已经多次更新该法案,并且仍然有效。

Even though Wilson’s designs call for some metal, critics say a user could easily remove those pieces.

虽然威尔逊的设计图需要一些金属,但是批评者表示,用户可以轻易去除这些金属片。

“It’s an absurdity. You can take the piece of metal out and put it back in at your own whims and you can take it out and walk through a metal detector undetected,” said Jonas Oransky, legal director for the group Everytown for Gun Safety.

枪支安全组织(Everytown for Gun Safety)法律总监Jonas Oransky表示:“这很荒谬。你可以照自己的想法把这块金属片随便取出来或放回去。你把它取出来就能通过金属探测器检测。”

Wilson answers that he is not making an all-plastic gun. He is simply providing the information on how someone could make one.

威尔逊回应说,他不是要制造全塑料枪支,他只是提供如何制造这种枪支的信息。

The judge will meet with lawyers about the case next week.

法官将于下周与这起案件的律师会面。

U.S. President Donald Trump has also said he is thinking about the issue.

川普总统也表示他正在考虑这个问题。

I’m Kelly Jean Kelly.

Words in This Story

three-dimensional - adj. having or seeming to have length, width, and depth

hesitant - adj. slow to act or speak especially because you are nervous or unsure about what to do

serial number - n. a number that is put on a product and that is used to identify it

undetectable - adj. impossible to discover or notice

firearm - n. a small gun

metal detector - n. a device that can tell if metal is present

absurdity - n. extremely silly, foolish, or unreasonable idea

whim - n. a sudden wish, desire or decision

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