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[翻译]AS IT IS - What Will Russia’s $15 Billion Investment in the World Cup Buy?

更新时间:2018/6/24 9:39:54 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

The FIFA World Cup soccer championship in Russia is the most costly ever held.


Officials say the total cost will be $15 billion.


Close to $3 billion has been spent on 12 new or improved stadiums. At least $8 billion has been spent on infrastructure, including new roads, railroads and airports.


Now, experts question whether there will be a good return for the Russian taxpayer.


Professor Leonid Grigoryev is an economist at the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation. He offers an unusual answer. He compares the World Cup to a wedding dress.

列奥尼德·格里戈耶夫(Leonid Grigoryev)教授是俄罗斯联邦政府分析中心的一名经济学家。他给出了一个不同寻常的答案。他将世界杯比作了婚纱。

“On one hand, it’s necessary. It makes everybody happy," Grigoryev told VOA. "The exact economic efficiency definitely cannot be defined in American quarterly financial reports. It’s a long-term story. We still hope to become not only a hockey country, but a football country."


Brazil held the last World Cup in 2014 at an estimated cost of $11 billion. Four years later, the difference is clear to Brazilian football fans in Moscow.


“Comparing Brazil with Russia, the infrastructure here is much better than ours,” Marcio Pessoa told VOA, as he walked through Red Square.

马西奥·佩索(Marcio Pessoa)在穿过红场时对美国之音表示:“如果拿巴西与俄罗斯相比,这里的基础设施比我们的强多了。”

Russia’s $15 billion investment is aimed at improving the country’s image, even as it faces sanctions. International restrictions were put in place over Russia’s activities in Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea in 2014.


Dmitry Oreshkin is a political expert. He said Russian President Vladimir Putin tries to govern as though the sanctions are not important. “'Despite sanctions, we conduct such a gorgeous World Cup. Despite sanctions we go ahead with the war in Syria’…until the very moment that they start feeling that for all this pleasure, they are paying [for something],” said Oreshkin.

德米特里·奥列什金(Dmitry Oreshkin)是一位政治专家。他说,俄罗斯总统普京试图让这些制裁显得不那么重要。“’尽管面临制裁,我们还是举办了如此宏伟的世界杯。尽管面临制裁,我们还是投入了叙利亚战争。‘直到某个阶段他们开始感觉到,所有这些兴奋,他们都要付出代价。”

The first to feel the financial difficulty are likely to be the middle-aged people looking forward to retirement.


On opening day of the World Cup last week, the government announced an increase in the pension age, from 60 to 65 for men, and a much bigger jump for women, from 55 to 63.


Eva lives in Moscow. The 62-year-old told VOA that most Russians were not surprised.


She said she believed that officials thought that the championship would ease the effect of the news.


Eva described a joke that people were telling about the increase in the retirement ago.


“‘Yesterday, I had four years until pension age. Today, I have nine years. And they still keep telling us that you can’t get your youth back!’” she said.


Russia said the World Cup is partly a gift for its young people. There is talk of unforgettable memories and new buildings. The World Cup ends on July 15, but its value will be measured in the coming years.


I’m Susan Shand.

Word in This Story

stadium – n. a very large usually roofless building that has a large open area surrounded by many rows of seats and that is used for sports events, concerts

infrastructure – n. the basic equipment and structures (such as roads and bridges) that are needed for a country, region, or organization to function properly

efficiency – n. the ability to do something or produce something without wasting materials, time, or energy

sanctions – n. an action that is taken or an order that is given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country

annexation – n. to add an area or region to a country, state, etc. : to take control of a territory or place

gorgeous – adj. very beautiful or attractive

pension – n. an amount of money that a company or the government pays to a person who is old or sick and no longer works