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[翻译]AS IT IS - American Businesses Look to Space

更新时间:2018/6/3 10:27:15 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

The United States government is trying to help private companies in their efforts to use space for business purposes.

美国政府正试图帮助私营公司对太空进行商业开发。

Last week, President Donald Trump signed a space policy directive aimed at easing rules on commercial use of space.

上周,川普总统签署了一项太空政策指令,旨在放松太空商业利用的规定。

Trump signed the directive just days after Space X launched another rocket carrying satellites into Earth orbit.

川普在SpaceX公司将另一枚携带卫星的火箭发射进入地球轨道几天之后签署了这项指令。

The launch and several others planned for June are examples of private industries' growing interest in space for commercial and scientific research.

这次发射以及六月份其它几次计划发射是私营行业对太空进行商业和科学研究越来越感兴趣的例子。

Will Marshall is chief executive officer of Planet, a leading provider of geospatial information. He told VOA business leaders’ interest in space “is starting to come back and do some really interesting things."

威尔·马歇尔(Will Marshall)是Planet公司的首席执行官,这是一家领先的地球空间信息提供商。他对美国之音表示,商业领袖对太空的兴趣“正在开始回归做一些真正有意思的事情。”

Planet has put up about 200 satellites in orbit around the Earth. They make images of its complete land mass each day.

Planet公司已经在环地球轨道布置了大约200颗卫星,它们每天都会拍摄地球全部陆地的图像。

Marshall said that before his company, satellite imagery was only taken every year or several years. He told VOA that many industries can use the now orderly, regular images from space.

马歇尔表示,在他的公司之前,只会每年或几年拍摄一次卫星图像。他对美国之音表示,许多行业都能利用目前有序、定期拍摄的太空图片。

"You can use that data to improve crop yields so farmers can use it to decide when to add fertilizer, or when to add water because we can tell crop yield from orbit…Or it could be used by governments for a wide range of things from border security to disaster response."

他说:“你可以利用这些数据来提高作物产量。这样农民可以利用它来判断何时补充肥料,什么时候补充水分,因为我们可以从地球轨道报告作物产量。或者各国政府将它用于从边境安全到灾难应对等范围广泛的事情。”

Satellites also orbit our planet for purposes of national security.

绕地球运行的卫星还能用于国家安全。

Steve Isakowitz is president and chief executive officer of the Aerospace Corporation, a company that works with the U.S. Air Force and intelligence community. He said, "We just launched a few months ago a satellite that was just like this, but also had laser communication. We were able to send at 200 megabits per second high data rates down to the ground and the ability for satellites to actually talk to each other. The same satellites that are put up to look at the Earth could be looking around the neighborhood and doing neighborhood watch for…national security and space situational awareness."

史蒂夫·艾萨克沃兹(Steve Isakowitz)是航空航天公司(Aerospace Corporation)的总裁兼首席执行官,这家公司同美国空军和情报界合作。他说:“我们几个月前刚刚发射了一颗类似这样的卫星,但是它也具备激光通信能力。我们能够以每秒200兆比特的高传输率向地面发送数据,而且卫星有能力互相沟通。我们发射的地球观测卫星可以用于监视邻国,用于国家安全和太空态势感知的目的。”

Also orbiting the Earth is the International Space Station (ISS), a place of great interest to some major companies and research centers. The ISS National Laboratory and astronauts inside perform experiments that would not be possible on Earth.

国际空间站也围绕地球运行,它是一些大型公司和研究中心非常感兴趣的地方。国际空间站的国家实验室以及其中的宇航员进行了地球上不可能完成的实验。

The lack of gravity affects the experiments, noted Jennifer Lopez of the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space, which directs the ISS National Laboratory.Also, the space station orbits the Earth 16 times a day, experiencing extreme temperatures and radiation, providing a one-of-a-kind environment for experiments.Some experiments may help life on Earth; however, the findings can also help with future human exploration into deep space.

空间科学促进中心的詹妮弗·洛佩兹(Jennifer Lopez)负责国际空间站的国家实验室,她指出缺少地球引力对这些实验有影响。此外,该空间站每天绕地球飞行16次,历经极端温度和辐射,为实验提供了独一无二的环境。一些实验可能有助于地球生命。然而,这些研究结果也有助于人类未来探索外太空。

"There is so much opportunity right now in space; Mars is one of those opportunities," said Chad Anderson, chief executive officer of Space Angels, which invests in the space industry.

投资太空行业的Space Angels公司的首席执行官查德·安德森(Chad Anderson)表示:“太空中现在有太多机会,火星就是其中之一。”

While NASA, the U.S. space agency, works on sending humans to the moon and Mars, the space near Earth will become busier as businesses explore this final frontier.

美国宇航局致力于将人类送上月球和火星,但是随着企业探索这一最新前沿阵地,地球附近的太空将会变得更加繁忙。

I'm Susan Shand.

Words in This Story

commercial – adj. related to the buying and selling of services or goods

executive – adj. related to the directing of people or things

geospatial – adj. the part of space near the earth

regular – adj. happening over and over again at the same time or in the same way

data – n. information that is collected for understanding something.

yield – n. the amount of product or crop that is produced

megabits – n. one million bits

opportunity – n. a good chance for improvement or progress

frontier – n. a distant area where few people live

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