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[翻译]AS IT IS - 'Complicit' Is Dictionary.com's Word of the Year

更新时间:2017/11/29 10:25:10 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

Every year, language researchers and dictionary publishers choose a "Word of the Year." The word often reflects the news or social media trends during the year.

语言研究人员和字典出版商每年都会选出一个“年度词汇。”这个单词通常反映了这一年新闻或社交媒体的趋势。

The American Dialect Society started the practice in 1991. This year, Dictionary.com selected the word "complicit" as its word of the year.

美国方言协会从1991年开始了这项活动。今年,Dictionary.com网站将complicit选作年度词汇。

The online dictionary site chooses its Word of the Year based on the number of people who look up the word's meaning. Overall, there were 300 percent more people looking up the word “complicit” in 2017 than there were in 2016.

这家在线词典网站选择年度词汇的标准是基于查找该单词含义的用户数量。总体而言,2017年查找complicit的人数比2016年增加了300%。

Before you run to look up the word, too, we will let you know that Dictionary.com says complicit means "choosing to be involved in an illegal or questionable act, especially with others."

在你也去查找这个单词之前,我们会告诉你,Dictionary.com网站称complicit的意思是“选择参与某种非法或有问题的行为,尤其是同他人一起。”

Staying silent about crimes is being complicit

对犯罪行为保持沉默就是作为同谋

Jane Solomon is an editor at Dictionary.com. She told The Associated Press that there were many discussions in 2017 about people in power and the people around them who stayed silent about crimes they may have seen.

简·索罗门(Jane Solomon)是Dictionary.com网站的编辑。她对美联社说,2017年对有权势者,以及他们身边对可能看到的犯罪行为保持沉默的人士进行了很多讨论。

“This year a conversation that keeps on surfacing is what exactly it means to be complicit,” she said. “Complicit has sprung up in conversations about those who speak out against powerful figures in institutions, and those who stay silent.”

她说:“今年一直在讨论的话题就是同谋的确切含义是什么。在谈到那些公然对抗权威人士以及对此保持沉默人士时,同谋这个词就冒了出来。”

Interest in "complicit" began with a satire video on Saturday Night Live, a weekly television comedy. The video shows a fake commercial for a perfume designed by Ivanka Trump, a daughter of the United States President Donald Trump. The name of the perfume is "Complicit." A voice in the video explains, “She’s beautiful, she’s powerful, she’s complicit.” The satire tries to connect Ms. Trump with accusations that people in her father's election campaign broke laws.

人们对同谋这个单词的关注始于每周播出的电视喜剧节目《周六夜现场》中的一则讽刺视频。视频展示了一条虚假广告,内容是川普千金伊万卡设计了一款名为complicit的香水,视频中的背景音念道:“她美丽,她有影响力,她是同谋。”这则讽刺视频试图将伊万卡同人们对她父亲的竞选人员违反法律的谴责联系起来。

About a month later, Ivanka Trump appeared on a morning news television program and said, “I don’t know what it means to be complicit.” Since she did not explain, more people looked up the word.

大约一个月之后,伊万卡在早间新闻节目中表示:“我不知道complicit是什么意思。”由于她没有做出解释,更多人查找了这个单词的含义。

Senator says he will not be complicit

参议员自称不再作为同谋

On October 24, Arizona Republican Senator Jeff Flake announced from the Senate floor that he would not try to win another term in the Senate. He criticized President Trump and asked other members of his party not to silently support the president.

10月24日,亚利桑那州共和党参议员杰夫·弗莱克(Jeff Flake)在参议院宣布不会再次竞选参议员。他批评了川普总统,并要求其他党内人士不要无声支持这位总统。

“I have children and grandchildren to answer to, and so, Mr. President, I will not be complicit,” Flake said.

弗莱克表示:“我需要对孩子和孙子负责,所以,总统先生,我不会成为同谋。”

Solomon says that another reason for the increase in look-ups for "complicit" is the accusations of sexual harassment against movie producer Harvey Weinstein. Some of Weinstein's associates say that they knew about the accusations years earlier, but were afraid to say anything about it publicly.

索罗门表示,引起complicit搜索量增加的另一个原因是人们对电影制片人哈维·温斯坦(Harvey Weinstein)性骚扰的指控。温斯坦的一些同事表示,他们多年前就知道这些指控,但是不敢公开说什么。

More words of the year to come

更多年度词汇来袭

Keep your eyes open for more "Word of the Year" awards coming up in December and January. We will help you to add those words to your vocabulary in English, too.

接下来的12月和1月会选出更多年度词汇,请保持关注。我们也会帮助你掌握这些英语词汇。

I'm Jill Robbins.

Words in This Story

scandal - n. an occurrence in which people are shocked and upset because of behavior that is morally or legally wrong

complicit - adj. helping to commit a crime or do wrong in some way

institution - n. an established organization

satire – n. humor that shows the weaknesses or bad qualities of a person, government, or society

fake - adj. meant to look real or genuine but not real or genuine

harass - v. to annoy or bother (someone) in a constant or repeated way

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