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[翻译]AS IT IS - US Begins Collecting Social Media Information from Immigrants

更新时间:2017/10/23 9:58:45 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

United States officials now have permission to collect usernames and other social media information from all immigrants seeking to enter the country.


The new rule went into effect October 18 as an amendment to the U.S. Privacy Act. The Privacy Act establishes policies for how the government can collect and use information about individuals. The measure was enacted in 1974 after Richard M. Nixon resigned from the presidency.

这项新规定作为美国隐私法的一项修正案于10月18日已经生效。隐私法案制定了政府如何搜集和使用个人信息的相关政策。该措施是在1971年理查德·尼克松(Richard M. Nixon)辞职之后颁布的。

The new amendment gives the Department of Homeland Security permission to collect “social media handles, aliases, associated identifiable information and search results.”


The rule affects both permanent U.S. residents and naturalized citizens. The collected information becomes part of the person’s immigration records.


The amendment also gives the government rights to monitor information on relatives of immigrants and doctors who treat immigrants. It also includes monitoring of law enforcement officials involved in investigations of immigrants, and lawyers and others who help immigrants.


The amendment says the information can be gathered “from the internet, public records, public institutions, interviewees or commercial data providers.”


The Department of Homeland Security, DHS, has yet to announce specific collection or processing methods for personal information from social media.


Joanne Talbot is a spokesperson for DHS. In a statement to media last month, she said the amendment “does not represent a new policy.” She said the agency has already been able to “monitor publicly available social media to protect the homeland.”

乔安妮·塔尔伯特(Joanne Talbot)是国土安全部发言人。她在上个月向媒体发表的声明中表示,该修正案“并非一项新政策。”她说,该部门已经能够“监督公开的社交媒体以保护国家安全。”

Many privacy groups have criticized the collection of usernames and other social media information by U.S. border agents. They say such questioning fails to follow existing rules and violates the privacy rights of travelers.


Seamus Hughes is with the Program on Extremism at George Washington University in Washington. He says one problem is the huge amount of social media data the government will collect.

谢默斯·休斯(Seamus Hughes)就职于乔治华盛顿大学极端主义研究项目。他说,政府将要搜集的社交媒体数据数量庞大是问题之一。

“Purely from a practical standpoint, I don’t see how DHS has the resources to implement this,” he said on Twitter.


U.S. officials have defended information gathering as a way to prevent possibly dangerous people from entering the country. Some experts say there is evidence the information can be helpful to the government if it is used in the right way.


Major General Charles J. Dunlap Jr. is head of the Center on Law, Ethics, and National Security at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina.

查尔斯·J·邓拉普(Charles J. Dunlap Jr.)少将是位于北卡罗来纳州达勒姆市的杜克大学法律、伦理和国家安全中心的主任。

“I can’t think of any situations where this monitoring and record-collection has been used in an abusive way,” Dunlap said. However, he added that the program needs to be closely monitored and any abuses quickly investigated and fixed.


I’m Bryan Lynn.

Words in This Story

handle – n. a nickname

alias – n. another name a person sometimes uses

resident – n. someone who lives in an area for some length of time

monitor – v. to watch, observe or check over something

institution – n. an established organization

commercial – adj. related to the buying and selling of goods and services

practical – adj. relating to what is real rather than what is possible or imagined

implement – v. to begin something or make it active