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[翻译]WORDS AND THEIR STORIES - 'Working Out' on Words to the Wise

更新时间:2017/4/8 8:58:34 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

Today’s ‘Words to the Wise’ may leave us a little tired, because our topic is exercise. I’m Ashley Thompson. And here with me in studio Learning English reporter John Russell.

今天的睿智之言可能会让我们有点受累,因为我们今天的话题是运动。我是阿什利·汤普森(Ashley Thompson)。跟我一起做节目的是慢速英语的记者约翰·罗素(John Russell)。

Hi Ashley. You're right. We're going to get a workout today thanks to Learning English fan Raphael Duarte. He posted a suggestion for us our website. He wrote: I would like you guys to talk about working out at the gym, terms, routines or stuff related to it.”

嗨,阿什利。你说对了,我们今天要锻炼一下。感谢慢速英语节目的粉丝Raphael Duarte,他在我们网站上给我们提出了一个建议。他写道:“我希望你们谈谈在健身房锻炼的一些术语、规程或相关内容。

John, I have heard that you work out a lot. Do you belong to a gym?

约翰,我听说你经常锻炼。你去健身房吗?

First, let’s explain that word -- gym. Gym is the short form of the word gymnasium, a room or building with space and equipment for indoor sports activities. Most American schools have gymnasiums where students can exercise.

首先,让我们解释一下gym这个单词。Gym是gymnasium的缩写,意思是拥有室内运动空间和设备的场所。大多数美国学校都有可供学生锻炼的健身房。

Right, and there are also private gyms. People pay money to belong to them. Private gyms might include trainers who can help you learn how to best use the gym’s equipment – like weights, treadmills and rowing machines. So, do you belong to one of those gyms?

对,还有私营健身房。人们掏钱加入这种健身房。私营健身房可能会有教练,他们可以帮助你学会如何最好地使用健身房地设备,例如哑铃、跑步机和划船机。那么,你去这类健身房吗?

I belong to a rock climbing gym. It has wide, tall walls. You literally climb the walls – in a safe way, of course. It is a fun way to get some exercise. And it is a good way to get in shape.

我加入了一家攀岩健身房。它有又宽又高的墙壁,你可以安全地攀爬这堵墙壁。这是一种非常有趣的锻炼方式,也是一种很好的塑形方式。
 

Jen Rhines, a three-time Olympic athlete, runs on a Boston Marathon treadmill that simulates the running course at RunBase, Thursday, April 16, 2015, in Boston. (AP Photo/Steven Senne)

So, when Americans use “shape” this way, it is related to fitness, or just overall health. If someone has not exercised much in a long time, they might describe themselves as “out of shape.” Then when they start working out again, they might say they are “getting back in shape.”

当美国人这样使用shape这个单词时,它和健康有关。如果有人长期不运动,他们可能会自称为“身材走形(out of shape)”。然后当他们开始再次健身时,他们可能会说他们正在“重塑身材(getting back in shape)”。

Right. So, before I start rock climbing, I make sure to “warm up.” That means to prepare yourself for a difficult or intense activity by stretching.

是的。所以我在开始攀岩前,我一定要热身(warm up),意思是通过伸展运动让自己做好困难或激烈运动的准备。

"Work out” and “warm up” are phrasal verbs, everyone’s favorite!

健身和热身都是大家喜欢的动词短语。

That’s true. A phrasal verb is a group of words that act as a verb. It is made up of a verb as well as a preposition, adverb or both.

是的,动词短语是指一组充当动词的单词。它是由动词加介词或副词,或者动词加介词和副词组成的。

Hmm, there are a lot of phrasal verbs in the world of exercise, actually. Here is another one: some people exercise because they want to “bulk up.” This is another way of saying you want to grow your muscles, or become more muscular and strong.

嗯,实际上英语中由很多的动词短语。这是另一个例子:有些人喜欢运动,因为他们想要强化体格(bulk up),它指的是你想要增肌,或是更强壮。

People who are trying to bulk up might do a lot of reps on the weights machines.

试图增肌的人士可能会在负重器材上做很多组锻炼。

Reps…that sounds like it might be short for something!

Reps听上去像是一个缩写。

Right! “Reps” is short for “repetition.” As you might be able to guess, this means the act of repeating the same exercise a number of times.

对!Reps是repetition的缩写。你可能会猜到,它是指重复多次相同的动作。

Not everyone works out just to bulk up, of course. Some people might have a goal of “slimming down,” yet another phrasal verb. “Slim” means to make smaller, or thinner.

当然不是所有人锻炼都是为了增肌。有些人可能是为了瘦身(slimming down),这又是一个动词短语。Slim是指变苗条。

So to “slim down” means to lose weight. People who hope to “slim down” might run or swim as part of their workout routine.

所以slim down是指瘦身。希望瘦身的人可能会跑步或游泳作为他们的锻炼规程。

“Routine” is actually one of the words that our friend Raphael asked us about. “Routine” in this case just means a usual way of doing things, in a set order. You might have a morning routine, a study routine, or, of course, a workout routine.

Routine就是我们的听友Raphael问到的一个单词。Routine在这里是指例行规程。你可能有一套晨间作息,一套学习规程,或是一套锻炼规程。

So, if you work out regularly, describe your workout routine to us in the comments section!

所以,如果你定期锻炼,请在评论区向我们介绍下你的锻炼规程。

I can think of another phrasal verb that relates to what you should do after you work out.

我可以想到另一个动词短语,它跟你锻炼之后应该怎么做有关。

I think I know it – “cool down!”

我想我也知道,这就是舒缓运动(cool down)。

Exactly. To "cool down" means to do easy exercises after doing an intense exercise. This lets your heart rate drop slowly. It is always smart to cool down.

完全正确。To cool down是指在剧烈运动后做一些简单的运动。这可以让你的心率缓慢下降。做舒缓运动是非常明智的。

Well, I think this episode of Words to the Wise is cooling down, too.

嗯。我认为这期的睿智之言也该接近尾声啦。

Thanks everyone for listening, and as always, let us know if you have ideas for us for our next episode of Words to the Wise. Leave us a comment, and let us know where you are from.

感谢大家的收听。一如既往,如果你对我们下期的睿智之言有什么想法,请在评论区给我们留言,并告诉我们你来自哪里。

I’m Ashley Thompson.

And I’m John Russell.

Words in This Story

workout - n. a period of physical exercise that you do in order to improve your fitness, ability, or performance

fitness - n. the condition of being physically fit and healthy. (fit - adj. physically healthy and strong​)

bulk - v. to make (something) bigger or thicker​

weights - n. heavy objects that are lifted during exercising

treadmill - n. an exercise machine which has a large belt that moves around while a person walks or runs on it

rowing machine - n. an exercise machine that you use by moving your body as if you are rowing a boat

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