您现在的位置: VOA >> VOA慢速英语 >> 今日美国 >> 正文

[翻译]THIS IS AMERICA - 'Glass Ceiling' Still Exists for Women

更新时间:2016/8/15 9:01:35 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

2016 is a big year for American women. Last month, Hillary Clinton became the first woman to receive a major party nomination for president in the United States.

2016年对美国女性来说是非常重要的一年。上个月,希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)成为美国首位获得主要政党总统提名的女性。

But does her nomination mean all restrictions on woman and their careers are gone?


The term “glass ceiling” is often used to describe an unseen barrier that stops women and minorities from moving up in their careers.


American small business owners said in an opinion survey that the glass ceiling remains in place, even with Hillary Clinton running for president.


Bank of America contacted 1,001 business owners from across the country for their opinion on the issue. Seventy-seven percent of the women, and 56 percent of the men said they believe the barrier still exists for some women and members of minority groups.


Aquila Leon-Soon is chief executive officer of Advance Talent Solutions, a company that helps non-profit groups and government with finding workers. She told VOA the glass ceiling is very real.

Aquila Leon-Soon是Advance Talent Solutions公司的首席执行官,这是一家帮助非营利团体和政府招聘员工的公司。她对美国之音表示,玻璃天花板真实存在。

"I think that glass ceiling does exist and I would like for people to even think more about how it impacts women entrepreneurs.”


Entrepreneurs launch businesses and are willing to risk money to make money.


The Bank of America survey found that 54 percent of women small business owners did not feel affected by the glass ceiling. But 46 percent said they had felt limited by it at some time in their careers.


Sharon Miller is head of small business at Bank of America. She told VOA the survey shows that more women small business owners are hopeful about their companies making money than men. And more women than men plan to grow their business over the next five years.

莎朗·米勒(Sharon Miller)是美国银行小企业部门的负责人。她对美国之音表示,这项调查显示,与男性相比,有更多女性小企业主对自己公司赚钱充满希望,同时更多女性计划在未来5年扩大其业务。

Miller said that "from 2015 to 2016, the number of men small-business owners expressing optimism about revenue and growth declined significantly, more than 15 percentage points.”


Most American companies are small businesses -- ones with less than 500 employees. The U.S. Small Business Administration says small businesses make up more than 99 percent of American companies.


Miller says the survey found that women want to operate their own businesses.


“When we asked why did you become an entrepreneur, why did you open your own small business, most of the women answered because I want to be my own boss, because I want to take control of my own destiny.”


She added they found that women were not opening businesses because they were unhappy in their old job.


“Those are running towards something, not away. So it wasn’t because I was unhappy in my previous role or didn’t like it, it’s that I wanted to build something for myself.”


A big part of getting a business started is finding the capital, or money, to finance it.


Some people may have to use credit cards, or borrow money from family or friends, or get traditional loans for their businesses. The survey found that more than one in four women still feel they do not have the same access to capital as men.


Leon-Soon knows about that. She says, the first time she went to a bank to get a loan to pay her employees, she was rejected. Now that her company is established, she does not have trouble getting money.

Leon-Soon 对此有体会。她说,她第一次到银行贷款给员工发薪时被拒绝了。现在她的公司成立了,她在获得资金上没有麻烦。

But she says people are still surprised to find women in top leadership.


“Often I am asked, and people are surprised, they’re like, well, can I talk to your boss? And I say, I am the boss. They’re like REALLY?!”


She says people are also surprised when they find out a successful company is led by a woman.


“And that shows that as a nation we have a lot more that we need to do to change the way people view entrepreneurs, and how successful women can be.”


And that most likely means there is a lot more work to be done to make that glass ceiling disappear.


I’m Anne Ball.

Words in This Story

glass ceiling - n. an unfair system or attitudes that prevents some people from getting the most powerful jobs

survey – n. questions asked to gather data on a group

optimism – n. a feeling or belief that good things will happen in the future

decline - v. something that goes down in numbers

boss – n. the person in charge of employees

destiny – n. what will happen in the future