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[翻译字幕]Words and Their Stories: Computer Terms

更新时间:2012/8/26 7:53:08 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名


Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.


Computer technology has become a major part of people's lives. This technology has its own special words. One example is the word mouse. A computer mouse is not a small animal that lives in buildings and open fields. It is a small device that you move around on a flat surface in front of a computer. The mouse moves the pointer, or cursor, on the computer screen.


Computer expert Douglas Engelbart developed the idea for the mouse in the early nineteen-sixties. The first computer mouse was a carved block of wood with two metal wheels. It was called a mouse because it had a tail at one end. The tail was the wire that connected it to the computer.

十九世纪六十年代早期,计算机专家道格拉斯·恩格尔巴特(Douglas Engelbart)发明了全球第一个鼠标,这是一个有着两个金属轮子的木雕制品。因为它有个尾巴而被称为鼠标,这个尾巴就是连接计算机的数据线。

Using a computer takes some training. People who are experts are sometimes called hackers. A hacker is usually a person who writes software programs in a special computer language. But the word hacker is also used to describe a person who tries to steal information from computer systems.


Another well known computer word is Google, spelled g-o-o-g-l-e. It is the name of a popular "search engine" for the Internet. People use the search engine to find information about almost any subject on the Internet. The people who started the company named it Google because in mathematics, googol, spelled g-o-o-g-o-l, is an extremely large number. It is the number one followed by one-hundred zeros.


When you "Google" a subject, you can get a large amount of information about it. Some people like to Google their friends or themselves to see how many times their name appears on the Internet.


If you Google someone, you might find that person's name on a blog. A blog is the shortened name for a Web log. A blog is a personal Web page. It may contain stories, comments, pictures and links to other Web sites. Some people add information to their blogs every day. People who have blogs are called bloggers.

如果你搜索某人,你可能会找到他的博客。博客(blog)是网络日志(Web log)的缩写。博客是一种个人网页,它可能包含一些经历,评论,图片和其他网站的链接。有些人会每天更新博客。有博客的人被称为博主(bloggers,也可译为博客)。

Blogs are not the same as spam. Spam is unwanted sales messages sent to your electronic mailbox. The name is based on a funny joke many years ago on a British television show, "Monty Python's Flying Circus." Some friends are at an eating place that only serves a processed meat product from the United States called SPAM. Every time the friends try to speak, another group of people starts singing the word SPAM very loudly. This interferes with the friends' discussion – just as unwanted sales messages interfere with communication over the Internet.

博客与垃圾邮件(spam)不同,垃圾邮件是指发往你的电子信箱的一些无用的销售信息。这个单词基于很多年前的英国电视秀节目《巨蟒剧团之飞翔的马戏团》上的一个有趣的笑话。朋友们来到到一个只提供斯帕姆午餐肉(SPAM)的餐馆,斯帕姆午餐肉是一种来自美国的预烹肉制品。每当这些朋友想要说话,另一批人就开始大声唱SPAM。这干扰了朋友们的讨论 - 就像垃圾邮件影响互联网交流。
注:《巨蟒剧团之飞翔的马戏团》,英式无厘头的始祖, BBC最伟大的电视节目第五名。


This VOA Special English program, WORDS AND THEIR STORIES, was written by Jill Moss. I'm Faith Lapidus.