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BBC媒体英语 WW1 Centenary 一战百年纪念

更新时间:2014/8/9 10:57:43 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

世界各国政要齐聚比利时参加一系列为纪念一战百年举行的活动。虽然德国也派代表前去参加纪念活动,但一些历史学家仍指责德国对一战百年纪念不够重视。

Germany's government has been criticised for not doing enough to commemorate the World War One centenary.

Germany has spent less on events than some other European countries. And the events which have taken place have been seen as half-hearted by critics.

Traditionally in Germany the First World War is overshadowed by the Second World War. History teaching in German schools tends to focus on the crimes of the Nazis rather than what happened a generation earlier.

And since 1945 there's been a strong aversion in Germany to anything that might be seen as glorifying militarism. So many people here are uncomfortable with any anniversary of a war or a battle.

There's still some disagreement among historians about who was responsible for World War One. But having spent the last 70 years atoning for Nazi guilt, many Germans have little appetite to now take on the blame for the First World War too.

Quiz 听力测验

1. What evidence is mentioned for Germany's lack of interest in the WW1 centenary?
It has spent less money on events than some other European countries.

2. Which historical period is studied more than WW1 in German schools?
The Second World War.

3. True or false? In Germany, many people believe a country needs a strong army in order to have political power.
False. Germans have as strong dislike for anything that promotes militarism.

4. Which word in the report describes a feeling of wanting or needing something?
Appetite.

Glossary 词汇表

commemorate 纪念
half-hearted 缺乏热情的
overshadowed by (使)显得不重要,黯然失色
aversion 反感,厌恶
glorifying (现在分词)美化,吹捧
militarism 军国主义
atoning for 弥补,赔罪

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