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BBC媒体英语 Climate change warning 必须停止使用“脏”燃料

更新时间:2014/4/19 13:33:54 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

最近联合国发布的一个期待已久的气候变化报告指出,要限制气候变化,全世界必须尽快远离碳密集燃料。联合国政府间气候变化专门委员会(IPCC)在柏林发布的研究报告说,快速发展大规模的再生能源是关键。

The authors acknowledge that a transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy is easier to recommend than to achieve. Many countries are locked into using fuels like coal.

Here in Germany coal provides nearly half the electricity. But because greenhouse gases are building up in the atmosphere so rapidly, the conclusion is that it's better to make the change sooner rather than later. Professor Jim Skea at Imperial College is a leading figure on the panel.

"The message is that we need to start from 2020 onwards. If you wait as long as 2030 to put in place measures, it is going to start to get difficult. Emissions have risen more quickly in the last ten years than they have at any point in the past, and if we carry on in that kind of way till 2030, then you will be faced with these difficult choices. We need to move much more quickly than that."

One surprise is a low estimate for the cost of phasing out fossil fuels and boosting wind and solar power. The panel says that less than one tenth of 1% will be shaved off annual global growth. However, this figure rests on a host of assumptions, and for the moment, renewable energy still needs subsidies, which raises questions about public acceptance. The panel does believe its options are feasible and it hopes they'll be implemented in the coming years.

Quiz 听力测验

1. When is it necessary to start implementing changes in fuel use, according to Professor Jim Skea?
From 2020 onwards.

2. Give two examples of renewable energy.
Wind power and solar power.

3. True or false? Renewable energy has the full support of the public.
False. As renewable energy is still subsidised, it's not certain that the public will fully support it.

4. Which word in the text means that something can become reality?
Feasible.

Glossary 词汇表

fossil fuels 化石燃料
locked into 受困于
greenhouse gases 温室气体
building up 积累,逐渐增加
phasing out 慢慢淘汰
boosting 增强,推动
assumptions 设想,假定
feasible 可行的

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