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BBC媒体英语 Obama's brain project 奥巴马的大脑计划

更新时间:2013/4/6 11:34:26 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

美国总统奥巴马最近斥资一亿美元发起了一项旨在研究人类大脑所蕴藏的“巨大奥妙”的科研计划。奥巴马总统希望这一“大脑计划”能够帮助世人了解和学习到人类大脑的运转方式以及一些如老年痴呆等不同的脑部疾病。

The president's advisors call the BRAIN project ambitious, even audacious. It aims to produce dynamic pictures of the brain that show, in the words of a White House statement, how individual cells and complex neural circuits interact at the speed of thought. Announcing the programme, Barack Obama said humans could identify distant galaxies and study subatomic particles, but still had a limited understanding of the brain.

Barack Obama:

"There's this enormous mystery waiting to be unlocked. The BRAIN Initiative will change that by giving scientists the tools they need to get a dynamic picture of the brain in action and better understand how we think and how we learn and how we remember."

That knowledge, he said, would be transformative: families no longer helpless at the onset of Parkinson's, and war veterans able to reverse the effects of traumatic brain injury. The administration reckons it costs around $500bn a year to treat the various conditions this project hopes to address. It believes that technological advances, in data processing and revolutionary new techniques like optogenetics mean that, for the first time, this hugely ambitious research is actually possible.

Quiz 听力测验

What does Obama hope the pictures of the brain will show?
He hopes they will show how individual cells and complex neural circuits interact at the speed of thought.

Which word does Obama use to describe the problem of our lack of understanding of the human brain?
He calls it a "mystery".

Does Obama think the project will have any real effect on people's lives?
Yes. He thinks the knowledge gained will transform the lives of people with diseases like Parkinson's, and their families.

True or false? The Obama administration believes this research could have been done long ago, but they didn't have enough money.
False. The Obama administration believes that reseach is only now possible for the first time thanks to new technological advances.

Glossary 词汇表

audacious 大胆的
neural circuits 神经回路
subatomic particles 亚原子粒子
initiative 倡议
transformative 转变性的
onset 发作
war veterans 战役老兵
traumatic 创伤的
address 处理(问题等)
optogenetics 光遗传学

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