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BBC你问我答 Off, Out and Away - Off, Out 和 Away 的区别

更新时间:2011/8/18 16:16:50 来源:本站原创 作者:佚名

This week's question comes from Rose who wants some help learning phrasal verbs.

She noticed that some phrasal verbs have similar endings, such as off, out and away, and wonders whether this means phrasal verbs with these endings have similar meanings.

Finn said that unfortunately phrasal verbs with similar endings can mean very different things.

For example both these phrasal verbs end in off.

Kick off 开始
Clock off 下班

But they mean very different things. Kick off means to begin, while clock off means to finish working.

Tricky?

Sadly there are few shortcuts to learning phrasal verbs. But Finn offers three learning strategies to help you.

Here they are:

1. Learn new phrasal verbs in a sentence.

Put off 推迟

Sheila hated going to the dentist so she put it off and put it off, until she couldn't put it off any longer.

2. Try to learn words that go together with your phrasal verb.

Put out 熄灭

Cigarette, fire. To put out a cigarette. He put out the fire.

3. Learn phrasal verbs in groups, for example:

3.1 By first verb - GO

Go out 离开,出去
Go away 离开,外出
Go off 不再喜欢,变质

3.2 Or by ending - OUT

Chill out 放松一下
Freak out 抓狂,疯掉了
Hang out 闲

3.3 Or by theme - USING THE PHONE

Hang up 挂电话
Call back 回电话
Hold on 稍等

Glossary 词汇

phrasal verbs 短语动词
endings 结尾
tricky 困难
shortcuts 捷径
learning strategies 学习策略
theme 题目

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